Peter Carmeliet Lab

Research focus

​Peter Carmeliet’s laboratory focuses on one central topic ”Angiogenesis”, the growth of new blood vessels, in health and disease. Abnormal blood vessel growth, excessive or insufficient, contributes to multiple disorders, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, age-related blindness, stroke, etc. Our ambition is to develop therapeutic concepts and, if possible, innovative anti-angiogenic treatments.

Latest findings indicate that the efficacy of current anti-angiogenic therapy (targeting VEGF) in cancer is limited by intrinsic refractoriness and acquired drug resistance. There is thus an urgent medical need to improve clinical anti-angiogenic therapy. To remedy this problem, Peter Carmeliet’s team uses a fundamentally distinct approach and pioneered the study of endothelial cell (EC) metabolism during angiogenesis, hypothesizing that targeting the metabolic “engine” of ECs would paralyze blood vessel growth and normalize tumor vessels. The role of several key metabolic targets in endothelial cell biology and tumor angiogenesis are currently studied.

The Carmeliet lab is also interested in unraveling the molecular basis of EC dysfunction and EC regeneration. EC dysfunction is of utmost importance in diseases such as diabetes, metabolic syndrome, etc., as it is a key determinant of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, even when glycemia levels are under control. In fact, when becoming dysfunctional, the endothelium contributes to more (cardiovascular) diseases than any other cell type.


Since little was known about EC metabolism, we started by selecting a particular metabolic target and studying the consequences of its over- or underexpression in ECs in vitro and in vivo on vessel sprouting (genotype-to-phenotype), termed “reverse metabolomics”:

PFKFB3: We showed that ECs are glycolysis-addicted (Cell 2013) and that partial, transient inhibition of glycolysis (by blockade of the glycolytic activator PFKFB3) sufficed to inhibit pathological angiogenesis without causing systemic effects (Cell Metab 2014). We also showed that low dose pharmacological PFKFB3 blockade induces tumor vessel normalization (TVN) and increases delivery and efficacy of chemotherapy (Cancer Cell 2016).

CPT1a: We reported that ECs (unlike cancer cells) use fatty acid (FA)-derived carbons in CPT1a-driven fatty acid oxidation (FAO) for de novo dNTP synthesis during EC proliferation, and that CPT1a blockade inhibits pathological angiogenesis (Nature 2015). We also showed that differentiation of venous to lymphatic ECs relies on the use of FA-derived acetyl-CoA as a signaling metabolite for epigenetic reprogramming of the differentiation switch (Nature 2016). Blockade of CPT1a inhibits pathological lymphatic growth, while replenishing acetyl-CoA levels by supplementing acetate rescues this process in vivo (Nature 2016). The Carmeliet lab has data (unpublished), showing that metabolite treatment (ketogenic diet) improves incurable lymphedema by stimulating lymphatic vessel growth, and is engaging in a clinical Phase II trial to test this in patients. In addition, the lab has data that metabolite treatment protects ECs against dysfunction (Cell Metabolism, in revision).


Already for a few years, we are performing the novel research line of “forward metabolomics” (phenotype-to-genotype) by isolating ECs from mice and patients with disease (cancer, diabetes, etc.), and by using state of the art approaches, we are performing multi-omics profiling to identify metabolic targets that co-determine perturbed angiogenesis (such as in cancer or ocular disease) or EC dysfunction (causing cardiovascular disease in diabetics and neurological/neurodegenerative pathologies).

BIOMEXTM: We developed an in-house, user-friendly, bioinformatics platform for comprehensive analysis of transcriptomics / metabolomics / proteomic data to identify biomarker signatures (predictive diagnostic) and to discover new metabolic targets (theranostics).

Genome-scale metabolic modeling (GEM): Metabolism is hard-wired and therefore suited for computational modeling. GEMs allow prediction of metabolic targets determining ATP production, biomass synthesis, etc. We tailored a generic GEM to ECs by incorporating in-house generated bulk multi-omics data, and use it to identify novel metabolic targets, which we validate experimentally.

The combined approach of BIOMEX and GEM considerably increase the discovery power in our search for novel metabolic targets.


We aim to set-up a spin-off company, theranostics platform, focusing on two fields: ‘Therapy’ and ‘Diagnostics’:

Drug discovery platform: Key EC metabolic targets, identified in prior work by the Carmeliet lab, are subject to development of inhibitors against metabolic targets and early pharmacological validation. These targets will be the proprietary drug pipeline for further drug discovery by the company for tumor vessel normalization in cancer therapy. The Carmeliet lab, together with VIB drug discovery, aims to (i) screen several libraries for small molecule chemical compounds inhibiting metabolic targets and (ii) develop lead-to-hit compounds via medicinal chemistry in order to generate interest at pharmaceutical companies for further drug development and clinical translation.

Metabolic target and biomarker discovery: The bioinformatics software platform (BIOMEX), will be further developed for improved discovery of co-blockade metabolic targets and metabolite biomarker identification (theranostics). We will utilize this platform to predict novel therapeutic metabolic targets in cancer to overcome therapy resistance, and to identify metabolic biomarker signatures that predict chemotherapy and immunotherapy response in different cancer patients.

> video on basic research on the importance of metabolism in cancer & angiogenesis - Peter Carmeliet
- ©VIB, 2015​​​​


Single-Cell Transcriptome Atlas of Murine Endothelial Cells.Kalucka Joanna* de Rooij Laura P M* Goveia Jermaine* Rohlenova Katerina Dumas Sébastien Meta Elda Conchinha Nadine Taverna Federico Teuwen Laure-Anne Veys Koen García-Caballero Melissa Khan Shawez Geldhof Vincent Sokol Liliana Chen Rongyuan Treps Lucas Borri Mila de Zeeuw Pauline Dubois Charlotte Karakach Tobias Falkenberg Kim Parys Magdalena Yin Xiangke Vinckier Stefan Du Yuxiang Fenton Robert Schoonjans Luc Dewerchin Mieke Eelen Guy Thienpont Bernard Lin Lin Bolund Lars Li Xuri@ Luo Yonglun@ Carmeliet Peter@CELL, 180, 764-779.e20, 2020* or °: authors contributed equally@: corresponding authors
Role of glutamine synthetase in angiogenesis beyond glutamine synthesisEelen G* Dubois C* Cantelmo A Goveia J Brüning U Deran M Jarugumilli G Van Rijssel J Saladino G Comitani F Zecchin A Rocha S Chen R Huang H Vandekeere S Kalucka J Lange C Morales Rodriguez F Cruys B Treps L Ramer L Vinckier S Brepoels K Wyns S Souffreau J Schoonjans L Lamers W Wu Y Haustraete J Hofkens J Liekens S Cubbon R Ghesquière B Dewerchin M Gervasio F Li X* Van Buul J Wu X Carmeliet P*NATURE, 561, 63-69, 2018* or °: authors contributed equally
Serine Synthesis via PHGDH Is Essential for Heme Production in Endothelial CellsVandekeere S Dubois C Kalucka J Sullivan M Garcia Caballero M Goveia J Chen R Diehl F Bar-Lev L Souffreau J Pircher A Kumar S Vinckier S Hirabayashi Y Furuya S Schoonjans L Eelen G Ghesquière B Keshet E Li X* Vander Heiden M Dewerchin M* Carmeliet P*Cell Metabolism, 28, 573-587 e13, 2018* or °: authors contributed equally
Quiescent Endothelial Cells Upregulate Fatty Acid beta-Oxidation for Vasculoprotection via Redox HomeostasisKalucka J* Bierhansl L* Conchinha N* Missiaen R Elia I Brüning U Scheinok S Treps L Cantelmo A Dubois C De Zeeuw P Goveia J Zecchin A Taverna F Morales Rodriguez F Brajic A Conradi L Schoors S Harjes U Vriens K Pilz G Chen R Cubbon R Thienpont B Cruys B Wong B Ghesquière B Dewerchin M De Bock K Sagaert X Jessberger S Jones E Gallez B Lambrechts D Mazzone M Eelen G Li X@ Fendt S Carmeliet P@Cell Metabolism, 28, 881-894 e13, 2018* or °: authors contributed equally@: corresponding authors
Impairment of Angiogenesis by Fatty Acid Synthase Inhibition Involves mTOR MalonylationBrüning U* Morales Rodriguez F* Kalucka J Goveia J Taverna F Queiroz K Dubois C Cantelmo A Chen R Loroch S Timmerman E Caixeta V Bloch K Conradi L Treps L Staes A Gevaert K Tee A Dewerchin M Semenkovich C Impens F Schilling B Verdin E Swinnen J Meier J Kulkarni R Sickmann A Ghesquière B Schoonjans L Li X* Mazzone M Carmeliet P*Cell Metabolism, 28, 866-880 e15, 2018* or °: authors contributed equally

Job openings


VIB and KU Leuven announce spin-off Montis Biosciences with a novel approach to immune-oncology

20/02/2020 - Montis Biosciences announces its launch with €8,4 million in seed financing from an international investor syndicate to investigate interactions between perivascular macrophages and tumor vasculature.

18 of the world’s most influential researchers at VIB

20/11/2019 - Each year, Clarivate analytics identifies the world’s most influential researchers who have been cited most frequently by their peers over the last decade. No less than 18 VIB researchers are part of this highly acclaimed group of influential scientists.

Using ketone bodies in the fight against lymphedema

12/07/2019 - The administration of ketone bodies stimulates the growth of lymph vessels & has substantial beneficial effects in conditions affecting the lymphatic system. These spectacular positive effects were found by group of Peter Carmeliet (VIB-KU Leuven)

VIB welcomes new Marie Curie fellows

04/03/2019 - Each year, the EU launches calls for postdoc research fellowships through the Marie Sklodowksa-Curie Actions. Fellowships provided through these actions support researchers regardless of age & nationality.

Novel therapeutic strategy for blood vessel related disorders, such as cancer and retinopathy

30/08/2018 - A multi-disciplinary team of scientists, led by Peter Carmeliet (VIB-KU Leuven) has made several breakthrough discoveries concerning the metabolism of the individual building blocks of blood vessels - the so-called endothelial cells.

2018 Heineken Prize for Medicine for Prof Peter Carmeliet for his pioneering research on blood vessel formation

24/04/2018 - Peter Carmeliet from the VIB-KU Leuven Center for Cancer Biology has been awarded the prestigious 2018 Heineken Prize for Medicine for his important and fundamental research into blood vessel formation.

Major international cancer award for Peter Carmeliet

05/04/2018 - Peter Carmeliet (VIB-KU Leuven Center for Cancer Biology) was honored with the 46th annual ARC Foundation Leopold Griffuel Award, a prize of EUR 150,000.

International recognition for Peter Carmeliet (VIB - KU Leuven)

08/06/2017 - Peter Carmeliet of VIB-KU Leuven Center for Cancer Biology was appointed as an international member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences (KNAW). It is very exceptional that foreign researchers are allowed to join this network.

Competitive ERC Advanced Grant awarded to Peter Carmeliet for Tumor Endothelial Cell research

23/03/2017 - Prof. Peter Carmeliet (VIB-KU Leuven) is awarded an Advanced Grant. To qualify, a scientist has to be able to prove exceptional leadership and a solid track record of significant research achievements over at least 10 years.

Fat fuels the road to cancer cell spread

26/12/2016 - An international team of researchers, led by Peter Carmeliet (VIB-KU Leuven), discovered how a shift to increased fat utilization is required for the development and growth of these ‘roads’, termed lymphatic vessels – a special kind of blood vessels.

VIB-KU Leuven scientists discover neuron-producing stem cells in the membranes covering the brain

23/11/2016 - In a cross-domain study directed by professor Peter Carmeliet (VIB – KU Leuven), researchers discovered unexpected cells in the protective membranes that enclose the brain, the so called meninges.

Restoring flawed tumor vessels could lead to better cancer treatments

17/11/2016 - Researchers at VIB and KU Leuven have found a novel way to normalize the dysfunctional blood vessels that are typical for tumors. Those vessels play a pivotal role in cancer metastasis.

VIB researchers discover possible strategy against stroke

07/01/2016 - Research led by prof. Peter Carmeliet and dr. Annelies Quaegebeur (VIB/KU Leuven) indicates that inhibition of PHD1 offers protection against stroke, via an unexpected mechanism, raising hope for future stroke treatment.

Blocking the PHD2 oxygen sensor inhibits breast cancer dissemination

30/07/2015 - Scientists at VIB and KU Leuven have shown that reducing the expression of the PHD2 oxygen sensor impairs the ability of breast cancers to metastasize (spread) to other parts of the body.

Peter Carmeliet is bestowed the title of baron

22/07/2015 - With the appointment of seven barons, three baronesses, three knights and an earl, King Philip has raised fourteen people into peerage.

New insights in function of fatty acids in metabolism of endothelial cells

10/07/2015 - Sandra Schoors, Ulrike Bruning, Sarah-Maria Fendt and Peter Carmeliet (VIB Vesalius Research Center, KU Leuven) have discovered, contrary to all expectations, that fatty acid breakdown is essential for the proliferation of endothelial cells.

VIB conference - Metabolism in Cancer and Stromal Cells

01/07/2015 - From September 8 – 10, 2015 VIB will host the interdisciplinary meeting on “Metabolism in Cancer and Stromal Cells” in Leuven.

Oncurious NV Appoints Prof Dr Peter Carmeliet as its Chief Scientific Strategy Advisor

26/06/2015 - Oncurious NV, an oncology company focused on the development of innovative medicines for the treatment of pediatric tumors, today announces the appointment of Prof. Dr Peter Carmeliet as its Chief Scientific Strategy Advisor.

Revolutionary new insights into blood vessel formation in cancer

01/04/2015 - Peter Carmeliet and Sarah-Maria Fendt (VIB/ KU Leuven) have discovered a new strategy to counteract blood vessel formation, based on their research which indicates that fatty acid breakdown is essential in the creation of new blood vessels.

Wake-up call for more research into cell metabolism

09/07/2014 - New therapeutic avenues for diabetes, inflammatory conditions & cancer.

White blood cells as a new diagnostic technique for intestinal cancer

03/02/2011 - The Fournier-Majoie Foundation for Innovation (FFMI) has awarded Max Mazzone of VIB-K.U.Leuven a grant for research into a new method of early detection of colon cancer.

Double gold for VIB and K.U.Leuven - Bart De Strooper and Peter Carmeliet awarded ERC grants totaling 5 million euro

18/11/2010 - VIB researchers Peter Carmeliet and Bart De Strooper have both been awarded Advanced Grants from the European Research Council. ERC Advanced Grants are the most prestigious European research grants, spanning a period of 5 years.

VIB-K.U.Leuven and Oxford Biomedica announce collaborative research project for treatment of ALS

01/07/2010 - Oxford BioMedica and VIB-K.U.Leuven announce an award by the UK MND Association of a research grant to support the further development for the treatment of ALS with gene therapy.

International Recognition for Top VIB Research

28/06/2010 - Two of the five FWO prizes of EUR 100,000 were awarded to VIB scientists, namely Dirk Inzé (VIB-UGent) and Peter Carmeliet (VIB-K.U.Leuven).

Development of Leuven’s candidate medicine against nerve disease ALS moves into higher gear

10/02/2010 - ​The European Medicines Agency (EMEA) has recognized a Leuven lab’s candidate medicine to combat the neurodegenerative disease ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis) as a 'weesgeneesmiddel' (‘orphan medicine’).

Research on heart and vascular diseases earns Peter Carmeliet of VIB and K.U.Leuven the Ernst Jung Medical Award 2010

08/01/2010 - ​His pioneering research on heart and vascular diseases and thrombosis has earned Peter Carmeliet the prestigious Ernst Jung Medical Award, one of the highest European prizes for biomedical research.

First trial in patients with a potential treatment of the incurable ALS muscle disease

01/12/2008 - Permission has been granted to start the first safety and tolerability trial on patients for a remedy for ALS. ALS is an incurable, paralyzing neurodegenerative disorder that strikes 5 persons in every 100,000.

On the road to a new cancer therapy − starving the tumor

29/10/2007 - VIB scientists connected to the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, in collaboration with the Flemish biotech company ThromboGenics, have been studying the anti-cancer action of anti-PLGF.

Tadpole soon to help in the fight against cancer and lymphedema

16/08/2005 -

Promising results in the battle against incurable ALS muscle disease

28/11/2004 - Research shows that rats with a severe form of ALS live longer following the administration of the VEGF protein as a remedy. These results open up new possibilities for the use of VEGF in the treatment of ALS.

Is the zebra fish leading us to new therapies?

28/10/2004 - VIB researchers have shown that new blood vessels do not grow in random directions, but that they are guided by specific signal molecules. This is a major step in the development of new targeted forms of therapeutic angiogenesis.

Growth factor shows therapeutic effects in the treatment of the muscle disorder ALS

19/08/2004 - Belgian researchers from VIB (the Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology), lead by Prof. Peter Carmeliet (K.U.Leuven) already indicated the importance of the VEGF growth factor in this illness.

Gene therapy with growth factor seems promising therapy for incurable muscle disorder ALS

26/05/2004 - Researchers from VIB (the Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology), lead by Prof. Peter Carmeliet (K.U.Leuven) already indicated the importance of the VEGF protein in this illness, on the basis of genetic studies.

Peter Carmeliet

Peter Carmeliet

Research area(s)

Model organism(s)


​M.D.: Univ. of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium, 1984
PhD: Univ. of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium, 1989
Associated Res. Scientist: Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA, 1989-90
Associated Res. Scientist: Whitehead Institute, MIT, Cambridge, USA, 1990-92
VIB Group leader since 1996
EMBO Member
Adjunct Director, Dept. of Transgene Technology and Gene Therapy 2001-07
Department Director, VIB Vesalius Research Center, KU Leuven, 2008-15
Honorary doctorate at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität in Frankfurt am Main, 2010​

Contact Info

VIB-KU Leuven Center for Cancer BiologyO&N 4, 9e verdCampus GasthuisbergHerestraat 49, bus 912 3000 LEUVENRoute description